Eczema creams can also be called dermatitis cream. The eczema cream is used to relief scratching and itching since there is no 100% cure for eczema [1]. Eczema is a skin condition that is characterized by red, itchy blisters, dry and flaky skin. Eczema is said to affect more than one million people globally, and most of them seek the help of Eczema creams to be able to relieve the itching and scratching.

Eczema creams are known to be moisturizing agents that are called emollients. Eczema creams are of two kinds the oil based creams also known as oilier formulations and the water based creams.

Difference between Water-based creams and Oil-based creams

The two creams are used by persons who are suffering from Eczema. The main difference between the two is that the oil based cream tends to stay on the skin longer that the water based creams. The other significant difference is that the oil based creams are applied fewer times than the water based creams. With the water based creams, you have to keep on frequently applying. Some people may prefer water based creams because the oil based creams are known to be uneasy and of greasy texture.

Components of the Eczema creams

The Emollients are known to have ceramides and some steroids. Some creams are known to have peanuts and perfumes that can trigger inflammation, and they should be avoided at all cost whether they are oil or water based. The steroids components in the cream are known as corticosteroids. Most people prefer the steroids based cream for effective’s results.

Variety of eczema creams

The eczema creams are produced in different forms and types. They are used according to how severe the disease is. We have the mild creams, medium creams. Strong creams and very strong creams.

1. Mild Eczema creams

The mild kind of eczema creams is known to have very mild chemical components, and mostly they are used to treat the first stage of inflammation. They are mostly utilized by those people who notice the first symptoms of the Eczema [2]. The symptom may be scratching and some red rashes. They have Hydrocortisone and the clobetasone level of less than 1%, and mostly they are recommended to be used by babies.

2. Medium Eczema creams

The medium kind of eczema creams is known to have medium chemical components that are stronger than the mild creams. These types of cream can be used if you notice the symptoms of eczema are not diminishing even after using the milder creams. They are known to have fluocinonide 0.05% and desoximetasone 0.005%.

3. Strong Eczema creams

Strong kinds of Eczema cream are known to have higher chemical components than the mild and medium. They are used when the symptoms of the disease are fully developed. They have diflorasone diacetate of 0.05%, halobetasol propionate of 0.05%, fluocinonide of 0.01% and desoximetasone of 0.25%. They are mostly not recommended to children unless otherwise stated by the doctor.

4. Very strong Eczema creams

The very strong kinds of eczema are known to have very strong components chemical components. They are used by those patients who have acute chronic eczema. They are not allowed to be used by children under the age of 12 years unless otherwise advised by the doctor. The have clobetasol propionate of 0.05%, halobetasol propionate of 0.05% and fluocinonide of 0.1%

Famous Eczema creams

There are many creams that are available in the market. Here are the most popular and known creams used for treating eczema in the world today.

1. Aveeno eczema therapy and moisturizing cream

The cream is known to soothe skin that has eczema. It helps to relieve irritated skin that is caused by eczema [3]. It also moisturizes the skin, and the cream prevents the recurring of dry skin. The Aveeno cream is enriched with a ceramides and the essential lipid. The lipids that are naturally within the skin and play a crucial role when it comes to enhancing and then restoring the necessary skin’s protective function. It is clinically proven to reduce irritation and itching that is caused by eczema. It is tested to be gentle enough to be used by children and babies.

2. Vanicream Moisturizing Skin Cream

The Vanicream Moisturizing Skin Cream that has a Pump Dispenser is known to be long lasting and non-greasy. It has no fragrance, lanolin, and dyes. It protects your skin from getting dry by restoring the moisturizing level. It is quickly absorbed, and it is non-comedogenic. It is recommended for children and babies since it is gentle enough. The pump dispenser makes it easier for you to pump the cream without squeezing the cream bottle.

3. Neosporin Essentials Moisturizing Cream

Neosporin Essentials is a Daily Moisturizing Cream is used on a daily basis. It helps to relieve dryness, irritation and the itching that is caused by eczema. The Neosporin moisturizing cream has been clinically proven to restore your skin to a healthy state. May be used by those who are suffering from mild to moderate eczema, and it has lipid, emollient, humectants, and the botanical blend. It has a light and non-greasy feeling and can be used by the whole family.

4. Calmoseptine Ointment Tube

The Calmoseptine Ointment Tube is available without doctor’s prescription, and it can be bought over the counter. It is easy to apply, and it contains moisture barriers that prevent irritations caused by eczema. It helps to heal eczema skin irritations and heals wounds that might be caused due to scratching. It contains Zinc oxide; Lanolin, calamine, and menthol. The cream is efficient and moderate enough to be used by the whole family.

5. Cortisone 10

Cortisone 10 the Intensive Healing Lotion is formulated to stop the itching that is associated with eczema. It moisturizer that is found in the cream is used to heal the skin. It can be bought over the counter without any prescription, and it can be used by children and babies. It helps to relieve the redness associated itch and the irritation of the dry and itchy skin. It has about seven healing moisturizers and vitamins A, C, and E.

With the above common types of cream in the market and many more that are not listed it is advisable you consult the doctor before purchasing any eczema cream.

Choosing the right Eczema cream

Choosing the right eczema cream for your condition can prove to be a daunting task. You need the advice of a doctor before buying the cream, here what you need to know before buying eczema cream.

  • Eczema condition: You need to find out if you have a mild or acute eczema before you purchase the cream. Consulting the doctor will be the best way to know the kind of the level of your eczema you have and the correct kind of cream you should buy. The level of your eczema will determine the strength factor of the cream you need.
  • Cause of Eczema: The cause of your eczema is another important factor to consider before purchasing the cream. Some of the creams contain perfumes that can irritate the eczema more. If your disease is caused by irritants like perfumes, avoid those creams that contain such irritants.

What to consider when buying the cream

It is important before you purchase the cream to consider the following tips:

  • The age recommendation: If you are buying the cream for your children you should check if it is recommended and approved to be used by children. Some of the eczema creams are not recommended to be used by kids. Some have very strong medical components that can be harmful to your baby soft skin. It is important to ask your doctor if the cream is recommended for children. You can also do your own research before buying the cream.
  • Storage: Some creams need to stored in room temperatures. It is important that you store them according to the advice of the doctors. Storing of eczema creams in extreme hot or cold environment might not be suitable for the chemical components thus preventing them from doing their work efficiently.
  • Usage instruction: Most people in the world do not follow the doctor’s instruction. When it comes to eczema cream, it is important you follow the instruction to the letter. Misusing the cream can cause serious effects on your skin and under using the cream may not be sufficient. If the doctor recommends using the cream, three times per day follows the direction.

How to use the Eczema cream

It is important to follow the instructions provided by the doctor. If you bought the eczema cream over the counter, read the leaflet that is inside the cream. Make it a habit to use the cream as prescribed. The best time to use the cream is just after bathing because it helps to seal the moisture of your skin before it evaporates from your skin.

Side effects of Eczema creams

Eczema creams are known to have some side effects if not used properly. Since some creams contain steroids that can cause serious skin side effects if used for a long time. The choice and proper use of the cream will go a long way to preventing serious side effects. Seek the advice of your doctor before using any eczema creams. The side effects that are associated with eczema creams include:

  • Skin irritation: If you did not have any skin irritation before you started using the cream you should stop using it with immediate effect. If you had some skin irritation and after applying the cream the irritation seems to be getting worse seek medical attention. The cream might be reacting to you skin and causing more irritation than before.
  • Skin rash: Some cream may cause skin rash that were not present prior to using the cream. If the rashes do not disappear soon check out with your doctor.
  • Brittle bones: Continuing treatment of eczema cream may cause loss of the bone density.
  • Cataract: Cataract can be caused by using of eczema cream for an extended period around the eyes.
  • Glaucoma: Prolonged use of eczema creams that contain steroids around the eyes are sometimes known to cause glaucoma.
  • Skin effects: Some skin effects that can be caused by using the eczema cream for an extended period is infections, stretch marks, dilatation of blood vessels and acne [4].
  • Stinging: Stinging of the skin is a common factor for those who use the cream for the first time. These normally improve as you continue using the cream. But if it does not improve and continue being worse visit you doctor for another alternative cream
  • Thinning of the skin: High strength steroids that are present in the cream are known to be the primary cause of thinning of the skin.
  • Hair growth: Hair may increase on the side where the cream is being applied

Mistakes people make when using Eczema creams

Fear of using the creams

Some people are afraid of eczema creams they believe that they have steroids. Some patients use the cream less frequently than the prescribed times. Others skip using the creams once they notice improvement, and then reuse once the symptoms appear these leads to the occurrence of the eczema and prolonged use of the cream.

Using too much cream

Over usage of something is poisonous these also applies to eczema cream. Use your eczema cream as advised by the doctor. After using the cream for the prescribed time, it is advisable you stop using the cream unless the doctor advises otherwise

Using the wrong cream strength

Those who buy eczema creams over the counter may buy creams that are less strong that what they should be using thus making the cream not to work efficiently. It is important before you buy over the counter cream you know the cream strength that will be sufficient for your use.

Eczema creams are used to relieve the signs and symptoms of eczema. They should be followed according to the doctor’s instruction to avoid side effects that may occur when using the eczema creams [5].

 

References


[1] Pediatric atopic dermatitis: the importance of food allergens, Maureen Rogers Ross St C Barnetson; 324(7350): 1376–1379- 2002 Jun 8- DOI: 10.1016/j.sder.2008.05.003, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18620138


[2] The impact of allergy on atopic eczema from data from epidemiological studies, Schäfer T; 8(5):418-22- 2008 Oct- DOI: 10.1097/ACI.0b013e32830e71a7, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18769194


[3] Three-Year Follow-up Results of Sublingual Immunotherapy in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis Sensitized to House Dust Mites, Kim SH, Mun SJ, Han DH; 7(2):118-23, 2015 Mar- DOI: 10.4168/aair.2015.7.2.118, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25729618


[4] Sensitization to Dermatophagoides, Blomia tropicalis, and other mites in atopic patients, Sade K , Roitman D, Kivity S; 47(8):849-52- 2010 Oct- DOI: 10.3109/02770903.2010.506683, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20846087


[5] A multicentre study assessing the prevalence of sensitizations in patients with asthma and/or rhinitis in China, Tan G, Wu J, Zhao H; 64(7):1083-92- 2009 Jul- DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.01967.x, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19210346